Etymology: Latin name Casuarina means “twig” because we can confuse its wired leaf with a branch. From there also comes the name Casoar. The foliage of Casuarina equisetifoliarse to the plumage of Casoar.
Origin: Australia, Indonesia, New Caledonia, Malaysia.

Other Species: C. incana, C. glauca, C. bennetti, C. nana (3 m high), in all about a hundred species.
Habitat: tropical coastal areas.
Life span: 50 years.
Maximum size: 40 m (highest species of Filaos).
Growth: fast (usually 1m per year, but 10m in 2 years were listed in Barbados).
Slender port, summit often bent.
Pale pink bark.
evergreen. Fine needles 15-20 cm long, implanted individually. The natural litter of Filao needles must be removed to allow the Filao forest to regenerate.
Flowers: The flowers are aperian (not having perianth, flowers around the pistil and stamens), grouped in kitten (ear unisex). Each carpel opens independently to give a fruit.



The cypress (cupressus) is an evergreen tree, it always remains green, coming from the family Cupressaceae. The cypress is an isolated tree generally growing alone, with no other cypress of the same species around, which comes from temperate and warm regions of the northern hemisphere, mainly from Asia Minor. It is very present in Provence and in the south of France but also in all the countries around the Mediterranean. The cypress is a tree with a clean line, the size of the cypress can reach nearly 40m in height. Its leaves are shaped like triangular scales. While its leaves have a lifespan of 2 to 4 years, the cypress can live up to 500 years.


Pin of Alep

The white pine of Provence or Pin of Alep (Pinus halepensis) is a conifer of the family of Pinaceae. It was the Scottish botanist Philip Miller who abusively gave him the scientific name, in 1768. Indeed, it is the Pinus brutia that grows mainly in the region of Aleppo. Its geographical distribution is mainly around the Mediterranean coasts, and more particularly in North Africa and Spain. It is sometimes called white pine or Jerusalem pine.

Tree of about 20-30 m often bent and little straight, the top is quite crushed, irregular and clear, the branches are quite spread out. It has a longevity of about 500 years.

The twigs are light green then light gray, rather thin, often making a second shoot the same year (polycyclic).

the non-resinous buds are ovoid, acute, brown, with free scales fringed with white.

The bark is smooth and silvery gray at first, then cracked, scaly, brownish gray.

The leaves are needles by two, thin, acute soft, 6 to 10 cm, greyish green, applied along the shoots and especially grouped in brushes at the end of the branches, persisting 2 to 3 years.

The male cones are yellow tinged with red gorged with pollen, oblong, not very tight; the females are pink and purplish pedunculate.

The female cones are 6-12 cm thick, with 1 – 2 cm thick stalks, often isolated, shiny light brown, flattened patches, dry, they remain several years before falling. Medium gray-black seeds.