The white pine of Provence or Pin of Alep (Pinus halepensis) is a conifer of the family of Pinaceae. It was the Scottish botanist Philip Miller who abusively gave him the scientific name, in 1768. Indeed, it is the Pinus brutia that grows mainly in the region of Aleppo. Its geographical distribution is mainly around the Mediterranean coasts, and more particularly in North Africa and Spain. It is sometimes called white pine or Jerusalem pine.
Tree of about 20-30 m often bent and little straight, the top is quite crushed, irregular and clear, the branches are quite spread out. It has a longevity of about 500 years.
The twigs are light green then light gray, rather thin, often making a second shoot the same year (polycyclic).
the non-resinous buds are ovoid, acute, brown, with free scales fringed with white.
The bark is smooth and silvery gray at first, then cracked, scaly, brownish gray.
The leaves are needles by two, thin, acute soft, 6 to 10 cm, greyish green, applied along the shoots and especially grouped in brushes at the end of the branches, persisting 2 to 3 years.
The male cones are yellow tinged with red gorged with pollen, oblong, not very tight; the females are pink and purplish pedunculate.
The female cones are 6-12 cm thick, with 1 – 2 cm thick stalks, often isolated, shiny light brown, flattened patches, dry, they remain several years before falling. Medium gray-black seeds.