Ficus carica The vernacular name Figuier, Edible fig or Common fig tree, is a fruit tree of the family Moraceae that gives edible fruits called figs. It is more rarely called Figuier de Carie in reference to the ancient city in Asia Minor or “Tree with caricatures” .

The edible fig tree is the emblem of the Mediterranean basin, where it has been cultivated for millennia. It is the only European representative of the genus Figuier which gathers nearly 600 species, most of them tropical.

The male fig tree, sometimes called “wild fig tree”, which does not produce edible fruit, is also called “Caprifiguier” (caprificus, that is to say “goat’s fig”).